Anyone who drinks heavily should know the health risks ahead of time— as well as how to get help for an alcohol problem. It is dangerous to assume that an unconscious person will be fine by sleeping it off. One potential danger of alcohol overdose is choking on one’s own vomit. Alcohol at very high levels can hinder signals in the brain that control automatic responses such as the gag reflex.
You’ll show little general comprehension and become very prone to an accident or sudden loss of consciousness. During this stage, the “high” feeling recedes, while depressive symptoms such as anxiety, depression, or unease will typically appear. Severe impairments in motor skills, judgment, and perception will also typically be present. We all know that the brain is the main source of the body’s functions. Imagine putting your brain in a jar filled with alcohol and shaking it up— it’s not a pretty picture. Yet that’s what slowly happens, to a certain extent, when you drink and don’t stop drinking alcohol. Alcohol seeps into the brain, affecting the different parts of your body’s motherboard as you drink more and more.
Stage 0: Sobriety/Minimal Intoxication
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- Your role in dealing with alcoholism in the workplace is crucial.
- In jobs requiring long-term projects or detailed analysis, an employee may be able to hide a performance problem for quite some time.
- If intoxication is indicated by the test, the agency may use it as a basis for some type of administrative action, such as sending the employee home, or taking disciplinary action.
- Some religions consider alcohol intoxication to be a sin.
- The stages of intoxication differ from person to person because they’re based on age, sex, weight, and other factors.
Drinking too much can cause side effects specific to each lobe’s role, including blurred vision, slurred speech and hearing, and lack of control, respectively. The parietal lobe, which processes sensory information, is also affected. You may have a loss of fine motor skills and a slower reaction time. This stage is often marked by mood swings, impaired judgment, and even nausea or vomiting. With a blood alcohol content between 0.01 – 0.05, this is the first stage of intoxication.
Sobriety, or subclinical intoxication (0.01 – 0.05 BAC)
Hypoglycaemia occurs due to ethanol’s inhibition of gluconeogenesis, especially in children, and may cause lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis, and acute kidney injury. Alcohol is metabolized by a normal liver at the rate of about 8 grams of pure ethanol per hour.
Send the form to other people via email, generate a link for quicker file sharing, export the sample to the cloud, or save it on your device in the current version or with Audit Trail included. Alcohol affects the brain by also inhibiting pituitary secretion, which affects urine excretion. This explains why you have to pee so much when you drink; your kidneys can’t absorb the water. A person can usually tell when they are intoxicated, but it may be challenging to spot the signs in others.
How is Alcohol Intoxication Treated?
Alcohol abuse can increase your risk for some cancers as well as severe, and potentially permanent, brain damage. It can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome , which is marked by amnesia, extreme confusion and eyesight issues. WKS is a brain disorder caused by a thiamine deficiency, or lack of stages of alcohol intoxication vitamin B-1. Taking certain vitamins and magnesium, along with not drinking alcohol, may improve your symptoms. At this stage, with a BAC from 0.09 to 0.25, you are now legally intoxicated. This level of intoxication affects the occipital lobe, temporal lobe and frontal lobe in your brain.
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